Infantile Cerebral Palsy is a stable neurological injury (non evolutionary non degenerative) of the central nervous system, affecting first motoneuron, which projects its axon (or nervous termination) to a muscle.
During first months of live it is not easy to detect this paralytic injuries. Firstly they start with a flaccidity process during several months, progressing in two possible ways: to a non controlled increase in muscle tone called spasticity or to uncoordinated movements called dystonias. which allow us to suspect the injury. At this stage, it is essential to make a diagnosis and initiate neurological physiotherapy support so as early as possible.
Cerebral tests with magnetic resonance guide to a possible future functional and cognitive deficiency. Only a strict follow-up and clinical check will give us diagnosis and strategic keys for future therapeutic actions.
In upper limb, main goals are allowing higiene and correct position in serious clinical involvement and improve function and hand integration in daily life in selected patients from 6 years old and correct cognitive development to cooperate with postsurgical physiotherapy.
In lower limbs, in severe conditions, you can start strictly aimed at posture and hygiene therapy. In functionally recoverable conditions, it can facilitate standing, ambulation and return to daily social and sports activities, in selected cases.
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Infantile cerebral palsy. Treatment